Prize motivation: “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education” Kailash Satyarthi born 11 January 1954) is an Indian Children’s rights advocate and an activist against child labour He founded the Bachpan Bachao Andolan (lit. Save the Childhood Movement) in 1980 and has acted to protect the rights of more than 83,000 children from 144 countries. It is largely because of Satyarthi’s work and activism that the International Labour Organization adopted on the worst forms of child labour, which is now a principal guideline for governments around the world.
His work is recognized through various national and international honours and awards including the Nobel Peace Prize of 2014, which he shared with Malala Yousafzai, a female education activist from Pakistan
Originally named Kailash Sharma, Satyarthi was born on 11 January 1954 in the Vidisha district of central Indian state Madhya Pradesh, India
He attended Government Boys Higher Secondary School, and completed his degree in electrical engineering at Samarat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha and a post-graduate degree in high-voltage engineering. He then joined a college in Bhopal as a lecturer for a few years.
In 1980, he gave up his career as a teacher and became secretary general for the Bondel Labour Liberation Fornt ; he also founded the Bachpan Bachao Andolan (Save the Childhood Mission) that year. He has also been involved with the Global March Against Child Labour and its international advocacy body, the International Center on Child Labor and Education (ICCLE), which are worldwide coalitions of NGOs, teachers and trades unionists. He has also served as the President of the Global Campaign for Education, from its inception in 1999 to 2011, having been one of its four founders alongside ActionAid , Oxfam and Education International.
From the expo at Noble Peace Center
In addition, he established Good Weave International (formerly known as Rugmark) as the first voluntary labelling, monitoring and certification system of rugs manufactured without the use of child-labour in South Asia.This latter organisation operated a ampaign in Europe and the United States in the late 1980s and early 1990s with the intent of raising consumer awareness of the issues relating to the accountability of global corporations with regard to socially responsible consumerism and trade. Satyarthi has highlighted child labor as a human rights issue as well as a welfare matter and charitable cause. He has argued that it perpetuates poverty, unemployment illiteracy , population growth, and other social problems, and his claims have been supported by several studies. He has also had a role in linking the movement against child labour with efforts for achieving “Education for All”. He has been a member of a UNESCO body established to examine this and has been on the board of the Fast Track Initiative (now known as the Global Partnership for education Satyarthi serves on the board and committee of several international organisations including the Centure for Victims of Torture (USA), the International Labor Rights Fund (USA), and the International Cocoa Foundation. He is now reportedly working on bringing child labour and slavery into the post-2015 development agenda for the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals
Satyarthi, along with Pakistani activist Mala Yousafzai , was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”. Satyarthi is the fifth Nobrl Prize Winner for India and only the second Indian winner of the Nobel Peace Prize after Mother Teresa 1979.
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