Grate King of Ashok

Policy
Buddhist Emperor Asoka built thousands of Stupas and Viharas for Buddhist followers. One of his stupas, the Great Sanchi Stupa, has been declared as a World Heritage Site by UNECSO. The Ashoka Pillar at Sarnath has a four-lion capital, which was later adopted as the national emblem of the modern Indian republic. Throughout his life, ‘Asoka the Great’ followed the policy of nonviolence or ahimsa. Even the slaughter or mutilation of animals was abolished in his kingdom. He promoted the concept of vegetarianism. The caste system ceased to exist in his eyes and he treated all his subjects as equals. At the same time, each and every person was given the rights to freedom, tolerance, and equality.

Missions to Spread Buddhism
The third council of Buddhism was held under the patronage of Emperor Ashoka. He also supported the Vibhajjavada sub-school of the Sthaviravada sect, now known as the Pali Theravada. He sent his missionaries to the following places:

  • Kashmir – Gandhara Majjhantika
  • Mahisamandala (Mysore) – Mahadeva
  • Vanavasi (Tamil Nadu) – Rakkhita
  • Aparantaka (Gujarat and Sindh) – Yona Dhammarakkhita
  • Maharattha (Maharashtra) – Mahadhammarakkhita
  • “Country of the Yona” (Bactria/ Seleucid Empire) – Maharakkhita
  • Himavanta (Nepal) – Majjhima
  • Suvannabhumi (Thailand/ Myanmar) – Sona and Uttara
  • Lankadipa (Sri Lanka) – Mahamahinda
His missionaries also went to the below mentioned places:
  • Seleucid Empire (Middle Asia)
  • Egypt
  • Macedonia
  • Cyrene (Libya)
  • Epirus (Greece and Albania)
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